Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MRSA is a strain of the common staphylococcus bacteria that is resistant to most antibiotics. MRSA is very contagious and health-threatening especially when it strikes individuals who are immune-compromised due to other diseases or conditions. If treated in time, there is a very good prognosis for the patient.
E Coli and Klebsiella
Escheria Coli and klebsiella, more commonly known as E. Coli, are very harmful bacteria that can be transmitted through undercooked or improperly handled food. In the past, E Coli caused mainly diarrhea and severe stomachaches but as the bacteria evolved and became drug-resistant, it can now lead to severe complications that could even be fatal.
Nicknamed “Iraqibacter” because of the prevalence of infection among wounded soldiers who served in Iraq, A. baumannii is a pathogenic bacterium that can infect the body through wounds, sores and other cuts or openings in the skin. The likelihood of becoming infected from this bacterium can be decreased by practicing thorough personal hygiene.
Rabies is a type of virus that belongs to the Lyssavirus genus. It is usually contracted by humans through the saliva of infected animals such as dogs, bats, raccoons, monkeys and foxes, among others. Rabies affects the nervous system and the brain. It can be fatal without treatment. Fatalities, however, can be avoided with immediate treatment and preventive immunization of domesticated animals.
Measles is a potentially deadly and highly contagious virus present in the mucus found in the nose and throat of an infected person. Measles is best prevented with a vaccine and while there is no cure for it, doctors often prescribe palliative care to increase the patient’s natural ability to combat the disease.
Aspergillus is a common fungal mold known to cause serious blood and pulmonary infections. Although most people ingest it through breathing without having any problems, it can cause health concerns in individuals with lung diseases and those with weak immune systems. Aspergillosis, the infection caused by aspergillus, is usually treated using antifungal medication.
Rotavirus typically affects children and is usually transmitted through contaminated fecal matter. Infection can lead to high fever, severe diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration. The treatment usually consists of palliative care, with a focus on treating and preventing dehydration.
Anthrax or Bacillus Anthracis is one of the most dangerous germs in the world. It is passed from animals to humans and can be deadly. It no longer exists naturally and is only a threat as a biological weapon.
The Ebola virus affects the lining of blood vessels and prevents proper blood coagulation. It is spread through bodily fluids produced by infected individuals. There is no commercial treatment for the infection and whatever is given to the patient is mainly supportive. The patient is also isolated to prevent transmission.
The Human Immunodeficiency virus is one of the most dangerous germs that affect humans. It is spread through direct contact with body fluids such as saliva, blood, tears, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. There is no cure for HIV and a vaccine has yet to be developed.
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