Does the Glove Fit?

134164479If you have ever worn surgical gloves, you have probably wondered if you were wearing the right type of glove. Should you be wearing vinyl, latex, or maybe nitrile gloves? This decision should depend on how much protection you need for your activity. In order to make an informed decision, you need to understand the characteristics of each type of glove, which is why we’ve broken them down for you.

Vinyl Gloves

Vinyl gloves are one of the most cost-effective glove options and are especially popular for use in the food industry. These gloves are ideal for use in applications where extreme durability and protection are not required. Here are the primary benefits of vinyl gloves:

  • Static resistant
  • Latex free
  • Loose fit makes them comfortable and easy to put on your hand
  • Good for use with non-hazardous materials
  • Ideal for quick-and-easy tasks

Latex Gloves

Latex gloves are manufactured from natural rubber and commonly used in professions where enhanced protection is needed and hazardous materials are frequently handled. Because of their protective qualities, latex gloves are a favorite choice in the medical profession. When using latex, however, it must be considered that some people have latex allergies. That said, latex gloves offer many advantages:

  • Close fit conforms to your hand
  • High touch sensitivity
  • Extremely durable and ideal for long-term activities
  • Cost effective
  • Lightly powdered and easy to put on your hand
  • Enhanced elasticity
  • Biodegradable

Nitrile Gloves

Manufactured from synthetic rubber, nitrile gloves provide increased puncture resistance and are popular for use in medical professions, especially in situations where a latex allergy is present. In order to be used in medical institutions, nitrile gloves must undergo a variety of tests conducted by the Food and Drug Administration to ensure that they meet durability requirements.

  • Superior puncture resistance
  • High touch sensitivity
  • Highly resistant to many chemicals
  • Close fit conforms to your hand
  • Ideal for high-risk applications, especially situations that may involve infectious or biohazardous material
  • Highly durable and ideal for long-term activities
  • Blue or black color makes it easy to see when glove is punctured

Choosing the right glove is an essential decision, especially in the medical field, when you could be dealing with patient’s allergies or biohazardous material. Next time you scrub in, make sure that you are wearing the right gloves for the job.

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Guide For Packing A Hospital Bag For Expectant Mothers

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Once you reach week 36 of your pregnancy, it’s the appropriate time to have your hospital bag packed. Make sure to pack all the essentials you will need during labor, birth and post birth. Even if you are planning a home birth, be prepared to go in to hospital. Different hospitals have different rules and policies regarding what you are allowed to bring with you. Some of them may allow you to bring pillows and other personal belongings to make your more comfortable, however, you should bare in mind that these medical facilities usually have limited space. Some women choose to pack 2 bags for hospital.

What Your Hospital Bag Should Contain?

A dressing gown is an essential item during labor and also post delivery. Bare in mind that hospitals are warm places and a light gown would be adequate for you. Slipper that are easy to put on and get off are also very handy, especially those that are backless. Socks can help to keep your feet warm during labor and after birth as well. Wear a night dress or old T-shirt during labor as this will most likely get messy and it is not really worth the effort or money buying a new night dress to use during labor. If you would like to be massaged during labor, carry massage oil or lotion in your bag. Lip balm should be included in your hospital bag necessities and so should a birth ball to help the process along. Carry snacks and drinks with you to have whilst in labor. You may choose to drink isotonic sports drinks or have some glucose tablets to give you added energy. Other essentials that you may choose to take along include magazines, books, tablet PC’s and other items to help you pass the time. Hairbands and clips will come in handy if you have long hair as you will want to tie it up and carrying extra pillows should make you more comfy while you are in labor and after birth as well.

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Everything You Need To Know About Crohn’s Disease

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According to several sources, more than one million Americans suffer with Crohn’s disease. If you are unfamiliar with this condition, you are probably wondering, what is Crohn’s disease?

Sometimes called enteritis or ileitis, Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory condition that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. While the exact cause is unknown, an abnormal response by the immune system in people with this disease treats food and other beneficial substances as if they were foreign and causes white blood cells to accumulate in the gut’s lining. This causes inflammation, which leads to damage to the bowel, including ulcerations.

Inflammation causes a variety of symptoms depending on where it occurs. Patients may experience pain, bleeding ulcers, fatigue, mild to severe diarrhea, mouth ulcers, anemia, loss of appetite, weight loss, anal fissures and rectal bleeding. Some patients suffer with inflammation of the liver, skin rash, eye inflammation, or arthritis.

Physicians use numerous diagnostic tests to identify this condition, including blood tests, biopsies, stool tests, endoscopy, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, barium X-rays and CT scans. Researchers have yet to find a cure for this disease but treatment may include surgery, nutritional supplements, medication or a combination of treatments to manage symptoms and control inflammation.

Many patients experience remission and some patients may go several years without symptoms before they recur. Corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory medication, immunosuppressants, antibiotics and anti-diarrheal drugs are among the most common medications used to help patients with this condition.

Dietary changes, including reducing intake of dairy products, alcohol, spicy foods and bulky grains can help some patients with Crohn’s disease. Children may benefit from liquid formulas that are high in calories, especially if the disease is affecting development. In rare cases, patients are fed intravenously to allow the intestines to rest.

Most patients will undergo surgery to repair blockages, bleeding, perforations or abscesses. Some patients undergo multiple surgeries. Surgery is helpful for patients when drugs fail to relieve their symptoms. Sometimes the surgeon will remove the affected portion of the intestine but in most cases, inflammation occurs in the gut adjacent to the area that was removed.

Many people with Crohn’s disease lead normal lives despite their symptoms. Consultation with a licensed physician is recommended if you experience any of the symptoms associated with this condition.

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Early Warning Signs Of Autism In Your Child

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Autism is a neurodevelopmental spectrum disorder whose symptoms range from mild to severe. It can affect anyone regardless of socioeconomic stature, ethnicity, and age. Nevertheless, males are more likely (up to four times) to develop autism than females. Here is some more information on the early warning signs of autism:

Early Warning Signs of Autism

An autistic child may exhibit some or all of the following symptoms:

• Avoiding eye contact
• Minimal or no social interaction
• Failure to respond to his/her own name though not deaf
• Obsessive interests
• Rocking body or spinning in circles
• Minimal or no danger awareness
• Lack of empathy
• Repetitive use of words and phrases
• Tendency to be alone most of the time
• Responding to questions with unrelated answers
• Easily upset by minor changes
• Lack of interest in “pretend games”
• Oversensitivity to external stimuli related to smell, taste, feel, look, and sound.

Other common symptoms include:

• Hyperactivity
• Regular meltdowns
• Unusual behaviors or interests
• Aggression
• Unusual sleep habits
• Short attention spans
• Self-injury tendencies
• Impulsiveness
• Extreme phobias and anxiety

Autism Diagnosis

Diagnosing autism in children is not easy because most appear normal up to two years of age. However, medical experts have come up with ways of identifying autism in toddlers. A good example is the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up (M-CHAT-R/F), which is a risk assessment tool parents can use to diagnose ASD in children 16 to 30 months of age.
In fact, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) urges all parents to ensure their children undergo ASD screening anywhere from 18 to 24 months of age. You can do so by submitting a request for free developmental screening to your State Department of Health.

An Overview of Developmental Screening

In simple words, developmental screening is a short test administered to a child to determine the level of his/her basic learning skills. Screening should occur at 9, 18 and 24 to 30 months of age.

Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation

Children who show signs of ASD thorough comprehensive diagnostic evaluation that may include neurological, medical and should undergo genetic testing to determine precisely where the symptoms lie on the autism spectrum disorder. Additionally, parents of such children should have a good grasp of autism signs such as social awkwardness, hyperactivity, and lack of empathy is necessary. In cases where children show autism signs, comprehensive diagnostic evaluation is highly recommended.

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Early Warning Symptoms Of Kidney Disease

537017969Kidney disease is a serious medical condition. Some people have chronic kidney disease or CKD. If left untreated, the symptoms progress and lead to kidney failure. However, most people with chronic kidney disease never have kidney failure. The early warning symptoms of kidney disease are usually subtle and mimic the signs of other diseases. The best thing you can do for your health is to notice any changes in your body.

Changes in Urination

Kidney disease can manifest in a change in urination habits. The kidneys produce urine that ends up in the bladder. If you find yourself urinating more frequently or less frequently, or if the urine output is larger or smaller although you’re drinking the same amounts of fluids, this could be cause for concern. Other signs of kidney disease are blood in the urine, urine that is bubbly, or pain when urinating.

Anemia and Shortness of Breath

The kidneys produce a hormone that helps to make red blood cells. With kidney disease, the body has fewer red blood cells and this condition is called anemia. Anemia causes shortness of breath. With kidney disease, excess fluid in the body builds up in the lungs making it difficult to catch your breath. The excess fluid also leads to swelling of the feet, ankles, legs, hands and face. Anemia also causes fatigue and feeling cold even in hot weather. With anemia, there are not even oxygen-rich blood cells getting to the brain so you may experience dizziness.

Toxic Build Up

The kidneys are a filtering system that removes wastes and toxins from the body. If the kidneys aren’t functioning properly, then wastes build up inside the body. When the blood has too many wastes, you may notice a metallic taste in your mouth or bad breath. You may also notice that food tastes differently. A large accumulation of wastes and toxins in the body can cause nausea and vomiting. It may be difficult to eat or keep food down. With a loss of appetite, you lose weight without trying. Another sign of toxic build up is itching all over the body and/or skin rashes.

If you have some or most of these symptoms of kidney disease, it could be signs of kidney disease.

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Foods And Items To Avoid If You Are Allergic To Latex

475438510By definition, latex is a milky fluid derived from rubber trees and is used to make various latex products. Certain foods also contain the same protein and can cause cross-reactions in individuals who have latex allergies. Dealing with cross-reactive foods is tricky; you may be fine the first day you eat the food, but react the next time.

These foods contain enzymes (for instance chitinases in bananas, chestnuts, and avocado) that are associated with latex-fruit allergy syndrome. So if you have latex allergy, you are likely to be allergic to some of these foods. What’s more, processing some of these foods with ethylene gas increases these enzymes; so organic foods that are not treated with gas have considerably fewer allergy-causing compounds.

Waiting for a few days before reaping the same food can help reduce reactions and allow symptoms to show clearly. Here is list of some of the common cross reactive foods for people with latex allergy.

Latex Reactive Foods

  • Banana
  • Chestnut
  • Avocado
  • Potato
  • Papaya
  • Watermelon
  • Grape
  • Tomato
  • Kiwi
  • Celery

You may also consider testing: Broccoli, Apples, Spinach, Legumes, beans, Spices, cinnamon, mint, Mango, Squash family, and pumpkins.

Other disposables and everyday items that we use also contain latex and may affect people with latex allergies. Here is a list of some items that contain latex:

Items That Contain Latex

Balloons, sanitary pads, toothpaste, toothbrushes, racquet handles, water bottles, chewing gum, Carpeting, rubber bands, freezer bags, cling wrap, swim goggles, bandages, stickers, shoes socks, disposable diapers, dental dams Cuffs and waistbands, underwear, bras , Postage stamps, computer mouse pads, condoms & diaphragms, baby bottle nipples, pacifiers, erasers, pens, school supplies, toys, vaccines, bike & motorcycle hand grips, dishwashing gloves, and medical supplies (such as surgical masks, stethoscopes, vial stoppers blood pressure cuffs, electrode pads, intravenous tubing, and syringes).

By and large, there is so much to watch as far latex exposure elimination is concerned. Allergy experts recommend wearing EpiPen belt for quick access to life saving medications.

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How Do Antibiotics Work?

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If you were feeling poorly, you’ve probably went to visit your doctor in hopes of receiving antibiotics. Chances are, you’ve used antibiotics before with great results. While antibiotics have been safely used for years, it is important to learn when and how antibiotics work.

It is important to know that antibiotics cannot cure everything. One of the first things a doctor will determine is if your illness is caused by bacteria or a virus. The common cold and flu are common viral infections. These cannot be cured by antibiotics. If you have a viral infection, other medications will help alleviate your symptoms as your body heals itself.

If your illness is caused by bacteria, you will receive antibiotics. So, how do antibiotics work? The first antibiotic created was penicillin. Many of our modern antibiotics such as Amoxicillin are penicillin based. Antibiotics work to kill bacteria in your body. It also helps to stop the bacteria from multiplying. This is why it is always advised to complete the entire course of your antibiotics. Even if you feel better, your body may still have harmful bacteria. The full course of antibiotics will insure that all bacteria is killed and will not return.

You should also tell your doctor about all symptoms that you have. While broad spectrum antibiotics usually cure a wide range of illnesses, there are a few antibiotics that are specific to certain illnesses. Your doctor needs to make sure that the correct antibiotic is prescribed.

It is also important to note that there are bacteria that is not harmful to our body. Overuse of antibiotics can kill off the positive bacteria. This may lead to digestion problems and lower our immune systems.

The CDC has noticed a growing trend of patients not responding to traditional antibiotics. In most cases, this is because of past overuse of antibiotics. While it is always good to see your doctor when you are sick, discuss a possible alternative course of treatment next time you go. Chances are, your doctor may suggest the age old remedy of rest and hydration. Your body may be able to fight off infection naturally, on it’s own.

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How Do Vaccines Work?

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Children receive vaccine either by shots or through nasal spray. Irrespective of how they are given, the principle behind vaccines remains the same. To understand how vaccines work, it’s important to understand how body immune system works.

Body Immune System

When your child’s body is invaded by disease causing organisms, white blood cells are activated and begin making proteins (or antibodies), which create counter offensive attack to help your child stop any infections. After the antibodies are through with their work, they don’t disappear but remain in the bloodstream ready for the return of the same invaders. If the germs re-appear in a few weeks, months or years, the antibodies will still be ready to protect. They can stop the infection altogether or before initial symptoms even appear. This is main reason why people who had measles or mumps in their childhood, never get it again irrespective how frequent they are exposed to similar infectious agents.

So how do Vaccines work?

Vaccines are made from dead or weakened forms of the virus or bacteria responsible for the disease. In other cases, inactivated toxins made by the virus or bacteria are used. When the vaccine is introduced to your child’s body, his or her immune system detects the weakened or the dead germ and reacts as it would when a full blown infection occurred. It makes antibodies against the vaccine. As aforementioned, these antibodies remain in the body ready to react to any new case of the germs’ attack. In other words, the vaccine is used to trick the body into thinking that it is under attack, and makes weapons that provide defense against real infection.

There are certain viruses which changes making the existing antibodies ineffective. That’s the case with influenza virus. For such, vaccination is necessary every year.

Newborns are immune to certain infections simply because they had received antibodies from their mothers. However, the immunity fades in the initial months of life. Accordingly, it’s pertinent to follow immunization guidelines given by your local pediatrician.

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Early Symptoms Of Emphysema

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Emphysema is a type of chronic lung disease.  In most people it is caused by a history of smoking.  Due to the lung damage caused from cigarettes, people with this disease have difficulties blowing air out of their airway.  However, catching symptoms early can help minimize the progression and discomfort emphysema causes.

Shortness of Breath:  The Early Symptom

Shortness of breath is one of the early symptoms of emphysema, and it is the most common. This disease is progressive and symptoms then evolve into coughing and wheezing.  Most patients who have been diagnosed with emphysema first noticed their symptoms when they quickly became out of breath from doing something that previously didn’t cause them to feel winded, such as walking up the stairs, carrying groceries into the house, or even mowing the lawn. Patients who are at risk for emphysema should keep these early symptoms in mind and report them to their doctor if they notice they are feeling more winded than normal when doing routine activities.

Causes of Shortness of Breath from Emphysema

For patients who have this common lung disease, structural changes in the lungs lead to patient being more winded than usual.  These small structural changes occur over time in response to being exposed to the toxins in cigarettes.  The toxins cause the linings in between the air sacs to be destroyed and producing air pockets in the damaged lungs.  The air in these pockets is challenging to exhale.  In turn, the lungs become bigger overtime and make normal breathing more difficult, requiring additional effort.  This means that the muscles that assist in breathing are made to work harder and will wear out sooner.  Patients struggle with feeling like they cannot catch their breath.  Early on in the progression of the disease people only notice their winded feeling with activities that require physical exertion.  However, as the disease continues to progress the shortness of breath is then felt while simply resting.

Other Symptoms

Additional symptoms of emphysema include:
• Wheezing
• Coughing
• Chest tightness
• Chest pain
• Poor sleeping
• Depression
• Sexual dysfunction
• Loss of appetite
• Weight loss

You can avoid emphysema by not smoking or quitting as soon as possible.  If you notice any of the aforementioned symptoms, contact your physician.

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Flexor Tendinitis Explained Simply

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Flexor tendinitis is a common ailment of the hand and wrist that results from inflammation of the flexor tendons. These tendons are located in the palms of the hands as well as in the inner sections of the wrists. These bands of strong connective tissues attach to the muscles of the hand and act as a series of pulley structures, allowing the complex movements of the hands and fingers. When the flexor tendons become inflamed and irritated, movement becomes painful and the wrist muscles become sensitive to pressure.

The flexor tendons are made from both elastin and collagen, making them flexible as well as strong. They’re surrounded by synovium, a sheath of tissue that allows for fluid movement. When this type of tendinitis occurs, small tears appear in the individual tendon fibers. The tears trigger the body’s natural inflammatory response, and if left untreated the tendons can become irregular and thickened. The result is quite painful hand movement, sometimes requiring injections of steroid medications as a treatment measure. In the most serious cases, hand surgery may be required to relieve this condition and restore normal hand movement.

One of the most common causes of this problem is repetitive hand movements over a period of time. Examples include sewing, typing or working on a factory assembly line while repeating the same task over and over. People with certain existing health conditions are also more prone to flexor tendinitis in many cases, including arthritis, Type 2 diabetes or gout. The tendency to develop this problem is partially hereditary as well. Some people’s genetics simply dictate that more fluid naturally collects in the spaces between their tendons and muscles, which can exacerbate the issue of tendinitis. Common recommended remedies include ice packs, gentle wrist exercises and the use of ergonomic wrist supports. If at all possible, sufferers are advised to avoid or reduce the repetitive motions that cause the condition. Doctors advise cold compression therapy with wrist wraps to help relieve the pain and stiffness of this common inflammation of the wrists.

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