Covering The Basics Of A Meningioma


A meningioma is a tumor of the meninges (covering that surrounds brain and spinal cord). Up to 90% of meningiomas develop slowly and are benign. Furthermore, most people develop a single meningioma although it is possible for multiple tumors to develop at different locations. Treatment options vary depending on tumor location. Read on for more information on this topic.

Meningioma Risk Profile

People between the ages 40 to 70 are highly likely to develop meningiomas. Moreover, meningiomas are more common in females than males and very rare in children who account for only 1.5% of patients. In terms of tumor location, the male to female ratio of brain meningioma is 3:1 and 6:1 for spinal meningioma.

Predisposing Factors

Medical experts have identified two meningioma predisposing factors. The first is exposure to radiation. Hiroshima atomic bomb blast survivors were more likely to develop these tumors compared to other Japanese. Secondly, genetic predisposition to neurofibromatosis type 2 increases one’s likelihood of developing meningioma.

Meningioma Location

1. Olfactory groove meningioma

Develops along nerves located between the nose and brain.

2. Convexity meningioma

Develops on the surface of the brain mostly at the front.

3. Intraventricular meningioma

Tend to develop in the connected chambers that circulate fluid through the central nervous system.

4. Falx and parasagittal meningioma

Develop in the brain groove that contains the sagittal sinus blood vessel.

5. Spinal meningioma
Develop in the thoracic spine.

6. Intraorbital meningioma

Develop around eye sockets causing eye pressure buildup.

7. Sphenoid meningioma

Develop behind the eyes.

8. Posterior fossa meningioma

Develop on the underside of the brain.

Meningioma Diagnosis

Besides evaluating one’s medical history, doctors use MRI and contrast enhanced CT scans to diagnose this type of tumor.

Indicators of Positive/Negative outcome

Firstly, age is a good indicator of a positive/negative outcome with young patients faring better after surgery than the old. Secondly, extent of tumor removal during surgery is a reliable indicator of expected outcome. The final indicator of positive/negative outcome is tumor location and accessibility.

Meningioma Classification

Over the years, a meningioma classification with nine major subtypes has emerged as the most widely accepted among other classification systems. The World Health Organization also has developed a popular classification meningioma system.

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Everything You Need To Know About Crohn’s Disease


According to several sources, more than one million Americans suffer with Crohn’s disease. If you are unfamiliar with this condition, you are probably wondering, what is Crohn’s disease?

Sometimes called enteritis or ileitis, Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory condition that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. While the exact cause is unknown, an abnormal response by the immune system in people with this disease treats food and other beneficial substances as if they were foreign and causes white blood cells to accumulate in the gut’s lining. This causes inflammation, which leads to damage to the bowel, including ulcerations.

Inflammation causes a variety of symptoms depending on where it occurs. Patients may experience pain, bleeding ulcers, fatigue, mild to severe diarrhea, mouth ulcers, anemia, loss of appetite, weight loss, anal fissures and rectal bleeding. Some patients suffer with inflammation of the liver, skin rash, eye inflammation, or arthritis.

Physicians use numerous diagnostic tests to identify this condition, including blood tests, biopsies, stool tests, endoscopy, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, barium X-rays and CT scans. Researchers have yet to find a cure for this disease but treatment may include surgery, nutritional supplements, medication or a combination of treatments to manage symptoms and control inflammation.

Many patients experience remission and some patients may go several years without symptoms before they recur. Corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory medication, immunosuppressants, antibiotics and anti-diarrheal drugs are among the most common medications used to help patients with this condition.

Dietary changes, including reducing intake of dairy products, alcohol, spicy foods and bulky grains can help some patients with Crohn’s disease. Children may benefit from liquid formulas that are high in calories, especially if the disease is affecting development. In rare cases, patients are fed intravenously to allow the intestines to rest.

Most patients will undergo surgery to repair blockages, bleeding, perforations or abscesses. Some patients undergo multiple surgeries. Surgery is helpful for patients when drugs fail to relieve their symptoms. Sometimes the surgeon will remove the affected portion of the intestine but in most cases, inflammation occurs in the gut adjacent to the area that was removed.

Many people with Crohn’s disease lead normal lives despite their symptoms. Consultation with a licensed physician is recommended if you experience any of the symptoms associated with this condition.

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Financing Dental Procedures For Your Family


There are dental procedures that can improve one’s self-esteem and health. However, these procedures are not cheap especially since they incorporate advanced technology as well as highly skilled dentists. The question on many people’s minds is how to finance these procedures that carry the promise of better lives. Some dental insurance policies will help you in financing dental procedures. However, since most of these procedures do not fall into the basic category, they are either covered partially by some schemes or not covered entirely. The following are options that you can use in financing your dental procedures.

The use of credit cards may eliminate the need of applying for another loan. You should ensure that you find out whether or not your dentist accepts this form of payment before you begin the procedures. Although this has its own benefits, you may experience some disadvantages. For example, if you exceed your credit limit, you may not have cash for other important expenses in your home. The dynamic world we live in changes to accommodate our needs. Recently, cards have been designed specifically for charging dental expenses or more generally medical expenses. When seeking to get such a card, be careful to check the terms and conditions carefully including understanding how the interest rate and other charges change with time.

Alternatively, you may opt for an equity loan to finance different dental procedures. This loan has a lower charge compared to the unsecured loans. When taking out an equity loan, you are required to provide security. Therefore, this loan is more viable for people who have tangible assets that can be used as collateral. In addition, you may use the health care installment loans to finance the procedures. This loan is applicable in instances where you have a major costly procedure. Therefore you cannot charge many minor procedures to the same loan. Springstone Patient Financing is one of the organizations that can provide installment loans for you or your friends.

There are many more ways in which you can finance your dental procedures. For example, you may work with a reputable dentist who takes partial payments. You make a down payment on the treatment and then schedule to pay the balance within an agreed upon period.  This period will depend on other financial commitments that you may have but the shorter the period the better. At the surgeons scrub, we offer you ides and advice on different issues.

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