Different Types Of Surgical Instruments

There are many different types of medical devices that doctors use when they perform surgery. Read on to find out what some of the most commonly used surgical instruments are.


Forceps is a very common surgical instrument that has a wide range of uses. Forceps are used to control bleeding, hold human tissue open, extract objects from the body and to suture wounds. The medical device comes in many different sizes and there are different types of forceps, with each one serving a different purpose. Forceps have two movable handles and they are made out of metal. Doctors use forceps to grip things that they cannot grip with their hands.


One of the most commonly used surgical instruments is a scalpel. Doctors use this medical device when they need to make an incision during surgery. Scalpels are small but they are very sharp. Scalpels are typically made of alloy.

Surgical Staples

A surgical staple is used to close wounds that range from skin incisions to bowel resections. Most surgeons use surgical staplers to close wounds because it is one of the most effective methods.


A retractor is a medical device that is similar to forceps, but a retractor is used to hold back underlying tissues and organs. Surgeons also use a retractor when they need to separate the edges of an incision. Just like forceps, retractors come in many different shapes, sizes and styles, and they are used in different types of surgical procedures. Some of the most commonly used retractors are hand held retractors, tissue retractors, cheek retractors and rake retractors.

Surgical Clamps

Surgical clamps are used by surgeons when they need to cut off blood flow or other types of fluids while they are performing surgery. Not only do surgeons use clamps, but EMTs and paramedics will use them too when they are in the field. Clamps also come in a wide range of styles and sizes. Some clamps are meant to be used for specific procedures and the shape of the tip of the clamp will usually determine what it can be used for.

Suction Tips And Tubes

Suctions tips and tubes are designed for removing fluids from the body. Sometimes surgeons will need to remove some bodily fluids from their patient’s body, and that is when they use suction tips and tubes.

Other Types Of Medical Devices

There are other types of surgical devices that surgeons use, such as lancets, trocars, drill bits and rasps. All of these devices are mechanical cutters and fall into the same category as scalpels. Surgical scissors are similar to forceps but scissors are specifically meant for cutting hard and thick tissue.

There are many other types of instruments but the above are some of the most common ones found in the operating room.

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